Troy region, also known as Troia, is a historical city located at the foot of mountain Ida.
It is a city located just south of Gallipoli Strait and northwest of mountian Ida. This the ancient city where the Trojan War took place in the Iliad, which is one of the two poetic epics thought to have been written by Homer.
In 1870s most of the historical artifacts found in the ancient city discovered around the village of Tevfikiye by the German amateur archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann in the 1870s are abroad.
Most of the historical artifacts found in the ancient city discovered around the village of Tevfikiye by the German amateur archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann in the 1870s are abroad. Today, the historical artifacts in Germany, Turkey and Russia, are exhibited in several museums. The ancient city has been in the World Heritage List since 1998 and has been a National Park since 1996.
As a result of the archaeological excavation performed in the remains of the ancient city, it was determined that the city was established seven times (in different periods) in the same place and there were 33 layers of different periods.
As a result of the archaeological excavation performed in the remains of the ancient city, it was determined that the city was established seven times (in different periods) in the same place and there were 33 layers of different periods. Due to this complex historical and archaeological structure of the city, the city is divided into 9 main sections, which are expressed in roman numerals in order according to historical periods. These main periods and some sub-periods are given below:
- Troy I 3000-2600 (Western Anatolia EB 1)
- Troy II 2600-2250 (Western Anatolia EB 2)
- Troy III 2250-2100 (Western Anatolia EB 3)
- Troy IV 2100-1950 (Western Anatolia EB 3)
- Troy V (Western Anatolia EB 3)
- Troy VI: 17th century BC - 15th century BC
- Troy VIh: Late Bronze Age 14th century BC
- Troy VIIa: ca. 1300 BC - 1190 BC The period of Homeric Troy
- Troy VIIb1: 12th century BC
- Troy VIIb2: 11th century BC
- Troy VIIb3: around 950 BC
- Troy VIII: 700 Hellenistic Troy
- Troy IX: Ilium, A.D. 1st century Roman Trojan
The Trojan horse is a wooden horse made to sneak into the city for the end of the war and gifted to Troia to be inserted into the walls. The hollow wooden horse, which is the idea of Odysessus, is presented to the Trojans as a gift.
Unaware of the soldiers hiding inside the horse, the Trojans carry the monument to the city and start celebrations. In the evening, the soldiers go out and start to loot the city. The term Trojan horse becomes so widespread that it begins to be used as an idiom. It is not known whether the Trojan horse actually exists.
Although mentioned in the story told by Homer, there are historians who think this is a metaphor. According to these historians, the Trojan horse was not really built, and it is thought that the horse, the symbol of Poseidon, which is also the earthquake god, was used by Homer as a metaphor for entering the city walls destroyed by the earthquake.
Famous people from Troy mentioned in mythology are;
Places to Visit in Troy
It is with Assos Behram Village in Ayvacık district of Çanakkale. Assos, which is one of the important centers of ancient history, was founded on the slope of a volcanic mountain and on andesite rocks. It was the most important cultural and commercial center in the world when it was under the domination of the Roman Empire.
The world-famous Aristotle lived in Assos for a period of his life and established a philosophy school here.
Assos' history, which has been included in the Athens Union and also has a very important place in the Christian world, dates back to 2000 BC and the historical places of Assos are quite large.
In the list of places to visit in Assos; Assos Athena Temple, Agora, Boulevterion (Assembly), Gymnasium, Stoa, Necropolis and Theater are located. Apart from the historical places of Assos, Kadırga Bay, Koruoba Beach, Green Harbor and Sivrice Bay are also good examples of the natural beauties of Assos. Assos is one of the places to be seen before dying with its historical places and natural beauties.
The other important places to be visited are Gökçeada (İmroz Island), Bozcaada (Tenodos Island), Troia Ancient City, Saros Bay, Temple of Assos Athena and Kestanbol Hot Springs.
Olive and Troia Region
Çanakkale which is Troia in its location is in a position suitable for organic agriculture due to its climate, geographical location and proximity to markets. The development of organic agriculture in Canakkale province parallels with Turkey. In recent years, as in the whole country, there has been an increase in the amount of organic agriculture producers and crops.
In Çanakkale, olive groves intensify on the Aegean Sea coasts and low areas of Ayvacık and Ezine districts, and continue on both coasts and low valley slopes protected from northern winds until the entrance of the Marmara Sea to the Dardanelles. While most of the olives produced in Çanakkale are used in olive oil production, few of them are used as table to meet local needs.