Olives are one of the oldest products grown in Mediterranean countries. The olive tree belongs to the Oleaceae family. It grows in tropical and temperate climates. Olive oil is a type of vegetable oil obtained from the ripe fruits of the olive tree by mechanical processes. Olive oil is available as a liquid at room temperature. Its color varies between green and yellow, depending on the chlorophyll and carotene substance in its structure. If it is clear or unfiltered, it may appear blurry. It has a special taste and smell. Naturally, there are table and edible types that can be consumed directly.
1 gram of olive oil is 9 calories. It contains vitamins A, C, E and K and minerals such as magnesium, calcium, sulfur, sodium, iron, Omega-3, Omega-6 and potassium. In this way, it becomes a powerful source of antioxidants. Thus, it prevents the formation of free radicals in the body. The oil composition is oleic acid, which is 75-77% monounsaturated fat. There is no cholesterol in olive oil.
After a food is taken orally, it follows a regular and systematic path until it leaves the anus, which is the last point of excretion and leaves the body. It goes through mechanical and chemical processes such as chewing, crushing, mixing, absorption. The digestion and absorption of fats also occurs mostly in the small intestine. Fats are the second important source of energy in our body after carbohydrates. Olive oil provides the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K vitamins). It is important in our body with its unsaturated fatty acid content. It provides energy, vitamins and minerals with its content. It strengthens the immune system as it is antioxidant. It participates in the structure of cells. It provides satiety in the stomach. It prevents unnecessary calorie intake. Olive oil supports the digestive system and keeps the intestines working. It plays an important role in preventing and curing constipation. It gives liveness and brightness to the skin and hair.
Olive oil has been in our lives in various fields such as health, nutrition, beauty and care for years. I think another natural product that nourishes our body from both inside and outside has not yet been discovered ...
Expert Dietitian Betul Cetin